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Cryptocurrencies – The Future of Money?

India scraps its 500 and 1000 fiat currency notes to combat corruption. England bans the 500 Euro note in concerns of terrorism funding and drug trafficking. Sweden, one of the first countries to experiment fiat currency might be one of the first ones to remove it altogether. These headlines raise a significant question, where does the future of money lie once fiat currencies are out of the picture?   Putting a ban on large fiat currencies, although well intended, reduce the economic freedom of the mass population. Interest rate provided by banks reduce drastically,  in fact in some cases going into negative. Inflation rates have also seen an upsurge thereby fluctuating the value of liquid assets. 

As an alternative, the first thing that comes to the mind of many is the digital currency industry. Reports such as Barclays introducing cryptocurrency desks make it evident that there is wider adoption of digital currencies. The question is, to what extent in the long run will cryptocurrencies replace money. 

A large number of financial firms and investors have sought trading in cryptocurrency. A Reuters survey found out that one in every five firms are looking to trade in altcoin in the next year. 70% of them said that they would do so in the next three to six months. There has been a large flow of money from venture capital firms to startups in relation to blockchain technology and cryptocurrency. In the three months after January this year, the amount invested in blockchain businesses is far more than the USD 55 million average for the three year period. 

Cryptocurrencies hold the potential to change the face of finance

One of the biggest positives is to see firms’ open mindedness on regulations of cryptocurrencies. In fact, as long as they’re reasonable, regulations might even persuade investors who have currently been on the sidelines due to their skeptic nature. Moreover, a bullish sentiment was expressed in the group of 20 nations’ (G20) meeting when finance ministers made a joint request to FSB to consider multilateral response around cryptocurrencies. 

Perks of a complete transition to cryptocurrencies

There are many advantages to an all cryptocurrency future, such as the fact that cryptocurrencies cannot be easily manipulated, therefore giving a stability assurance to an individual. Fiat currencies involve intermediary cut during a typical everyday transaction, something that cryptocurrencies will eliminate. However in an all crypto scenario, the infrastructure will have to be well-developed. Cryptocurrencies are also a better medium of distributing universal basic income. This makes it interesting to see whether financial institutions would pivot to this status quo in time or just stick to the traditional fiat mode of currency. 

Cryptocurrency usage in an essence reduces the requisite to trust other actors in a system, thanks to the fact that it is a peer to peer encrypted mode of transaction that is decentralized and secure. 

Concerns pertaining to the transition to cryptocurrencies

Needless to say, a complete crypto takeover also poses many challenges. Firstly, the fact that in certain countries the infrastructure to facilitate a digital currency system is a major obstacle. Secondly, the transition process from cash to cryptocurrency creates a void in compatibility for certain people, leading to an inevitable loss of assets since the traditional currency would lose its value without any recourse. 

The government has a hold over its citizens via its ability to print fiat notes. This is primarily due to the fact that it has a centralized control over money that circulates around. With the introduction of cryptocurrencies, the government loses this influence, giving the citizens more freedom in what they buy and what they save. In addition, this also removes the government’s option to print more currencies in case of a financial turmoil, which would then become dependent on the cryptocurrency mined. 

However, there are also some ways in which it will be in the interest of the government for an all crypto world. Identification and attesting of citizens will be an easier venture to accomplish. Analysis of financial stability of an individual will also be an easier job to do. In the third world countries, identification of refugees and migrants will be an easier job which will help them get micro loans or will allow them to make purchases in case they are forced to leave the country. 

How would an all crypto world look like?

In the event that crypto completely takes over fiat currency, the distribution of wealth will be facilitated as opposed to its concentration. Cryptocurrency would help in better distribution of wealth due to its decentralized network. The increase in the number of users in an integrated technology network proportionally increases the capital investment in such a network leading to a serendipitous chain of events. Therefore introduction of cryptocurrency in developing countries will be beneficial for the upliftment of the entire system. 

The very consequence of a crypto world will make investors look towards the acquisition of digitized assets such as user data on the internet or credit system for online payment.  

A report from the second quarter of The Federal Reserve Central Bank of St. Louis stated that,

In the near future, a close cash substitute will be developed that will rapidly drive out cash as a means of payment. A contender is Bitcoin or some other cryptocurrency. While cryptocurrencies still have many drawbacks… these issues could rapidly disappear with the emergence of large-scale off-chain payment networks (e.g., Bitcoin’s lightning networks) and other scaling solutions.

Conclusion has already shed light on how 65% of the world’s central banks are dipping into blockchain, the underlying technology of cryptocurrencies. Moreover, several countries such as Venezuela, The Marshall Islands, Senegal and Tunisia have either already released government-backed cryptocurrencies or have it in the pipeline. This has proven to decrease dependency on fiat currencies while preventing counterfeits.  

Regardless of an individual’s perspective of a complete crypto transition, the future is unknown. On one hand many speculate that a crypto takeover is inevitable, while on the other, many believe that a crypto dominated economy is a dream too far fetched. Although there have been tendencies in the economical world which suggest our transition toward a crypto led economy, the traditional skeptical mindset of the people will serve to be a big obstacle to tackle. But one thing is for sure, an all crypto society has the potential to change the way people save and sell. is committed to unbiased news and upholding journalistic codes of ethics. For more information please read our Editorial Policy here.

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Stablecoins Used by Nearly All Market Participants

Stablecoins Are Used by Nearly All Market Participant

Even though cryptocurrency is touted to be more efficient than legacy currency systems, it appears most cryptocurrency traders can’t help but peg their trust to fiat or its digital look-alike. This assumption holds true as a report by Binance Research indicated nearly all market participants use stablecoins.

Stablecoins are best known for their hedge against volatility in the cryptocurrency markets and though in a few cases are used as a medium of exchange, their most widely adopted use case is in a crypto-to-stablecoin trade environment. The level of adoption, however, especially the most used types – stablecoins backed by fiat – do reveal the strong industry ties to fiat systems.

According to Binance Research, while sampling its institutional and VIP clients, it observed that “90% of the clients use USD as the benchmark currency”, which further supports their initial theory on the adoption potential of stablecoins backed by USD. The report further suggested “USD stablecoins and USD-denominated platforms are the leading forces of the cryptocurrency and digital asset industry”.

As a correlation between the level of adoption of stablecoins and fiat-dependence, a subtle observation pointed out in the research indicated a large number of the respondents had prior experience in the financial industry exclusive of the digital asset industry. At the time of the study, more than half of the market participants sampled, either had one foot in the equity market or the foreign exchange market, which evidently supports the gravitation towards fiat-dependency.

Comparatively, the traditional financial market has well-established hedging strategies in the form of offsetting stock positions, options, futures, and bonds, to reduce exposure to market risks. On the other hand, while the cryptocurrency industry may have mirrored a few of these market derivatives – which for the most part are largely accessible by large investors and those rather conversant with the financial market principles, adoption of fiat-backed stablecoins by all class of investors has been somewhat sporadic with USDT taking the lead.

Circulating Supply of stablecoins since June 8th:

GUSD: -16 million
PAX: -36 million
TUSD: -42 million
USDC: +20 million
Tether: +280 million


— Giancarlo The Tether Whisperer (@CasPiancey) June 27, 2019

With respect to the recent bull-run which dazed many in the industry, as flagship cryptocurrency Bitcoin touched new highs in over 16 months, some have opined that the mysterious uptrend may not have been without the help and from an uptick in the recent interest stablecoins.

The renewed interest in the bull-market of crypto may seem a mystery to some, but perhaps it had to do with the catalyst brought by Libra, Paxos, and other stablecoins in the market!

— Paxos (@PaxosGlobal) July 2, 2019

Adoption of other types of stablecoins – those backed by commodities and by other forms of cryptocurrencies, don’t seem like the go-to-choice for investors in times of strong market movements. As a matter of fact, a recent report indicated only 30% of all stablecoins are currently operational, with the demise of a majority resembling cryptocurrency pegged to physical commodities such as gold and other precious metals. is committed to unbiased news and upholding journalistic codes of ethics. For more information please read our Editorial Policy here.

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George Samman Exclusive: Global Inequalities Created Need for Alternative Financial Solutions

Exclusive: Global Inequalities Created Need for Alternative Financial Solutions

Barely a decade after the last global economic crisis of 2008, economic pessimists continue to predict another impending crash on a global scale, brought on by the persisting inequalities in financial systems around the world.

Bitcoin News caught up with prominent cryptocurrency advisor, investor, and author George Samman to explore how a move towards full decentralization in the blockchain sector would be possible, why things may be looking better for the market in 2019, and why algorithmic stablecoins may be the real future of money.

George Samman has a versatile role in the blockchain industry and is currently running a proof of concept with the development team and holds the role of technical advisor for a project that is currently still in stealth mode. He is also working on a tokenomics and government model with another project, alongside his continued role as an advisor to blockchain companies. Samman often co-authors cryptocurrency reports and writes on his blog, with most of his work focusing on market trends and strategy as well as collaborating with teams on blockchain architecture and design.  

Moving towards full decentralization

As increasing numbers of institutional investors enter into digital currency, centralized exchanges like Coinbase and Binance are scooping up more traders through the promise of convenience. But many in the cryptocurrency community are concerned that centralized forces are beginning to play a major role. Samman firmly believes, however, that the future of cryptocurrency is bound to be more decentralized. This can not happen all at once though he said, pointing out that decentralization needs to be staged and it is not something you can start off with fully.

On the journey to total decentralization, Samman explained that there are trade-offs and in order to have real use cases and adoption emerge most systems will be- and are being designed to- gradually get to fully decentralized systems.

But the author had another note to add, linking the failings of the current global political system to the cause in the rise in popularity of decentralized models:

”I think the era of centralized systems is coming to an end. I don’t think it matters whether institutions come or not, the long arc of history is veering towards decentralization and I believe people are waking up to this now. Global inequality has reached levels where alternative financial systems are desperately needed. Riots and populism are the beginning of the end of centralized forms of governance as they have existed and centralized forms of money.”

Market performance

The shadow of 2018’s bad market year is still at the forefront of many investors’ minds, with nothing that looks too promising on the horizon for 2019. Samman explained what he believes went so wrong last year, pinning it down to overzealous investors and initial coin offerings.

”For me, the bull markets time ran out which ended with an irrational exuberance and market caps reaching unrealistic levels. Too much money was raised at crazy valuations  and one of the functions of bear markets is to always punish that and purge out the good projects from the bad and that’s where we are now.”

He has hopes that these negative factors have largely passed, saying the ”downside [this year] is limited”. Lots of poor projects are failing and real use cases and projects that have been working hard are going live; he pointed to these as encouraging signs. Breaking down what to expect in 2019 further, he continued: ”You also have some signs of institutional money coming in, ie Fidelity Custody and Bakkt launching. I think we can expect a long drawn out year of boring price action where lots of things are happening under the surface.  Volumes have dried up and stealth accumulation is happening.”

Samman advised investors to look out for interoperability solutions like Cosmos (a decentralized network of independent parallel blockchains)and Polkadot (a heterogeneous multi‑chain technology), saying they will ”be big deal and bring crypto to the next level”. And watch out for Bitcoin’s trading volume starting to rise again, as it could be one of the first telltale signs of the next bull market.

But for 2019, Samman really hopes to see big, solution-finding projects work and benefit from some type of adoption. As for what industry blockchain will conquer next, ”what hasn’t it conquered already?” he jokes.

The future of money

Samman’s hopes for decentralized currency are high and he has faith in their ability to replace fiat currency. He explained, ”I think the future is money systems which are not government owned, these will take many shapes and forms as we move through a giant experimentation phase but ultimately I believe some will emerge as the decentralized central banks for the internet.” The vision is for digitally native internet technologies to power the decentralized web.

But centralized currency is here to stay for a while, at least until algorithmic and cryptocurrency backed stablecoins prove they can remain stable to their namesake while maintaining the demand side. There is also the possibility that if a new bull market emerges, a lot of these stablecoins will lose value as traders and speculators use them to purchase cryptocurrency and don’t want to be “locked-up”.

That may not be a bad thing, however, as Samman explained: ”This actually would be a best-case scenario as it would be like Quantitative Easing for the crypto markets as there are billions of dollars locked up in stablecoins which could move the market much much higher.”

He recently worked as the lead author on the State of Stablecoins 2019 Report in which he explored in more depth why he believes stablecoins will evolve past the asset-backed subcategory dominant today, to be replaced by crypto-collateralized and algorithmic stable coins. Primarily, it goes back to his lack of faith in fiat currencies and his belief that an alternative form of currency will prevail.

To read more about George Sammans work and views, visit his website, LinkedIn or Twitter


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Belarus Platform Claims First to Offer Tokenized Shares

Belarus Platform Claims First to Offer Tokenized Shares

A website based in Belarus has launched a website which is claiming to be the first trading exchange to trade digital currency for assets such as gold and other traditional financial assets. An Estonian exchange, DX Exchange, had actually claimed the same earlier this month.

The site allowing the purchase of tokens, which represent real assets, was the brainchild of investment companies VP Capital and Larnabel Ventures. The website also facilitates the tracking of asset shares purchased both within Belarus and internationally.

Reports indicate a flurry of activity once the site was launched, with over 2,000 applications received. The advantage of being able to purchase assets such as gold and oil globally from the site without recourse to fiat currency clearly had early interest, however, Viktor Prokopenya, VP Capital’s owner, is warning applicants that the platform has strict money laundering checks enforced before users are finally approved.

150 different tokenized securities have been provided, with the intention of expanding this to more than 10, 000 over time. The company ensures new users that its standards are in line with internationally-accepted standards.

Belarus is one of a group of central European nations which is looking to promote itself as a cryptocurrency hub with the country’s Minister of Communications Sergey Popkov promoting emerging technologies such as blockchain and cryptocurrency as a governmental priority moving forward.

A recent document published by Belarus High-Technologies Park highlighted the country’s push to establish a set of governing rules for operating the cryptocurrency market. The document was termed as “the second stage of cryptocurrency regulation”, which contained details of the approved regulations for activities with digital tokens. It specified requirements for different businesses looking to venture into the world of cryptocurrencies or initial coin offerings (ICOs) in the country.


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StellarX Launches as Decentralized, No-Fee Crypto Exchange

A new decentralized cryptocurrency exchange platform from Interstellar has now been launched, free of any transaction or trading charges.

StellarX is open source and based on the native Stellar (XLM) cryptocurrency’s universal marketplace, the sixth largest crypto with a USD 4.8 billion market cap.

The platform differs from other exchanges as it allows users to load fiat currency directly into the local wallet, and offers a number of digital tokens for sale with state-issued currency including euros, Philippine pesos and Nigerian naira. ”A full suite of forex stablecoins” is anticipated for the exchange in the near future, as it hopes to become a usable cryptocurrency exchange for countries that currently do not have access to any others.

Interstellar say that it has plans to digitize alternative types of assets, including bonds and real estate – another aspect yet to be seen on any similar exchange. These new features are apparently in development now, with time and finding the right protocol to digitize them being the only hurdles.


Creators say that the marketplace they created is completely transparent as everything described as ”meaningful” happens on the blockchain for the world to access. Both traders and token issuers also benefit from transparency in a wider sense of the word.

Traders are promised that tokens will behave in an ”expected manner”, and rather than smart contracts that may unravel ownership, tokenization happens from a basic template at the protocol layer. Issuers are able to see who is trying to trade with them and can confirm their identity before any transaction takes place.

Developers recognize the necessary standards for legal compliance in the space, hence requiring all users identities to be verified, particularly as they expand their listings to offering assets such as bonds.

Bitcoin News recently spoke to Felix Moreno from Bisq, a fully decentralized trading platform that offers a similar service bar the know-your-customer (KYC) policies. How did Moreno say they get around these legal expectations? It would seem to be by avoiding the establishment of any company, therefore, giving no particular entity for the government to pursue.

“There is no way we could turn into a KYC financial surveillance company because there is no company, there is no one the SEC can send a subpoena to. There is no one in charge,” Moreno told Bitcoin News.


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Popular Wallet Says Goodbye to Fiat Currencies in Landmark Gesture

The popular Bitcoin platform Samourai has announced that it is removing all fiat currency conversion facilities from its wallet in order to promote the flagship currency.

The move is revolutionary in the sense that Samourai is clearly making a move that many exchanges would like to, but so far have resisted. Samourai appears to be positioning themselves for a future where Bitcoin’s value isn’t measured in fiat terms but as a stand-alone currency. This intent is clarified in the company’s latest statement:

“All fiat currency conversions have been removed from Samourai Wallet. We understand this may inconvenience some, it may even be enough to cause us to lose some users, but we believe it is fundamental that our existing and future users understand that when they transact within the Bitcoin network, when they participate in the Bitcoin economy, they are transacting with the token native to the Bitcoin network, BTC, and nothing else.”

The announcement also reminded its clients of its accessibility to a number of alternative language users, with Chinese and French added to its new release. Some 12 languages are now available to cover a range of nationalities around the globe. The wallet is also available in some less commonly spoken languages such as Brazilian Portuguese, Bulgarian and Turkish.

The news that Samourai was completely dumping its fiat currencies reverberated quickly around crypto space with some concern,  but the company has made it clear that it’s time for its users to give up thinking about cryptocurrency in fiat terms, which is fast becoming the norm although early adopters may have needed the reassurance of making fiat conversions. Samourai argues:

“In 2015 when we first launched Samourai Wallet… we reasoned that a fiat based conversion rate would be a convenient feature for users who wished to have a rough idea of what their BTC stash was worth in fiat currency at any given time.”

The company asserts that that “crutch” is still a factor, so action was needed in order to educate the crypto community to a new way of thinking about the cryptocurrency’s worth:

“Many news outlets, data providers, prominent persons, and innocent users started to refer to bitcoin transactions in USD terms instead of BTC terms […] We reasoned that ‘Users aren’t ready’ to give up thinking in fiat terms, and with education, they would eventually change.”

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Bitcoin in a Post-Nuclear Holocaust

A nuclear war has been a global fear since the first atomic bombs were detonated in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. This article explores how a full-scale nuclear war would impact Bitcoin, a currency based on decentralization and lacking a single point of failure.

The threat of nuclear war exists because several countries have the necessary arsenal: the United States has 6,600 nuclear warheads, Russia has 6,800 nuclear warheads, and about 1,000 other nuclear warheads are held by other countries including China, North Korea, Pakistan, India, the United Kingdom, France and Israel. Each of these has the ability to wipe out an entire city; an all-out nuclear war, even if it doesn’t result in the destruction of the planet, would leave behind high levels of radiation that would render vast areas uninhabitable.

A nuclear detonation also generates a powerful electromagnetic pulse (EMP), while one detonated in the Earth’s upper atmosphere could ionize it, stripping away electrons from gases during this atmospheric ionization, blasting downwards onto the surface. Effectively, a single nuclear warhead could cause wide-scale destruction of technology and power grids. Many computers would get fried and never work again.

Money stops working

Fiat payment networks would be knocked offline, while the central entities managing them may no longer be functioning properly. Apart from bank reserves stored in vaults, physical cash would probably be decimated in a nuclear blast, leaving banks and financial institutions guessing at existing supply. Systems would be lost or corrupted, and money movement all over the world would be destabilized without governments or banks managing these financial systems. National fiat for some obliterated states would lose all value overnight in a stark demonstration of the weaknesses of fiat’s single point of failure.

Survivors would once more turn to traditional havens of value such as gold and other precious metals, but as the world rebuilds, their unsuitability for long-distance transfer and secure storage would present early challenges. As local and inter-state commerce resume, working towards international finance, people will be forced to seek easier, working alternatives.

What of Bitcoin?

Beyond the initial destruction to infrastructure, cutting off power and telecommunications to knock Bitcoin users offline, radiation from a nuclear explosion could easily corrupt computer storage, causing many to lose access to their wallets. Those able to recover wallets from private keys or seeds would be the first users post-war, provided they had alternative access to the Bitcoin network, perhaps via satellite and battery- or fuel-powered generators.

Because the Bitcoin network is decentralized, with nodes scattered throughout the world, it is expected that even a few nodes would survive, with intact copies of the blockchain and could be repopulated fairly quickly. In theory, even if only a single computer survived with the full blockchain, the network could be revived.

A drastic drop in difficulty is almost certain and, with that, a less secure blockchain more vulnerable to malicious attacks, although users would presumably trust confirmations less or require many more confirmations as a temporary measure.

As countries battle the onset of hyperinflation amid extreme scarcity of food items and basic necessities, Bitcoin would once more prove a more viable solution, with its limited and predictable supply. This, however, would only be a consideration should the revived network prove to be as decentralized and secure as before.


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Hyperbitcoinization: The End Of Fiat Currency, $100M Bitcoin?

Hyperbitcoinization is defined Bitcoin commentator ObiWan Kenobit as “a theoretical state wherein Bitcoin displaces legacy currencies and becomes the dominant if not only method to exchange value”. Hyperbitcoinization was first discussed by Nakamoto Institute founder Daniel Kraswisz in 2014, and ObiWan Kenobit thinks it could lead to Bitcoin prices as high as USD 100 million per coin.

Essentially, hyperbitcoinization believers argue that Bitcoin is superior to fiat currency, and the demonetization of fiat as Bitcoin rises to dominance is inevitable. This is because Bitcoin is non-inflationary: it has a fixed maximum supply of 21 million coins, unlike fiat currencies which can be printed at will by central banks. Money printing and the associated hyperinflation has led to the collapse of Zimbabwe’s native fiat currency and currently, Venezuela and Iran are on track to similar fiat currency collapses. Even the most powerful fiat currency, the USD, experiences constant inflation from money printing.

Also, Bitcoin gives power over money back to the people. Bitcoin is decentralized, so no centralized authority can stop Bitcoin transactions. This is much more ideal than the current fiat system where money can easily be frozen and confiscated by banks and the government. Additionally, Bitcoin is borderless, breaking the current paradigm where citizens use their local government-backed fiat currency. Bitcoin is designed to work seamlessly as a global currency.

Due to these advantages, hyperbitcoinization believers think that Bitcoin adoption will steadily grow and eventually, it will cost people more money to reject Bitcoin than to accept Bitcoin. This will be the tipping point that leads to rapid adoption and the replacement of fiat with Bitcoin.

ObiWan Kenobit describes the evolution towards hyperbitcoinization in three phases: equilibration, nucleation, and crystallization, which is the same theory behind the growth of crystals. Equilibration was during the early days of Bitcoin when it first gained monetary value, and innovators and miners dominated the field. Currently, we are in the nucleation phase, which involves engineers, exchanges, wallets, and mining pools. Nucleation has a high energy barrier and many factors are needed for crystallization.

The latter parts of nucleation are defined by increasing trading activity, increasing practical uses, fiat onramps, and custodial solutions. During crystallization, Bitcoin will grow exponentially until it becomes the dominant global currency, and this phase will be defined by institutions, banks, and governments adopting Bitcoin. It can be argued that crystallization has already begun.

ObiWan Kenobit argues that Bitcoin will hit USD 100 million, based on a rough calculation that total money supply is USD 1.8 quadrillion and there are a total of 16.8 million accessible Bitcoins, since millions of Bitcoins have been presumed lost. In a recent article on BitcoinNews, this topic was explored, and it was found that there is roughly USD 90 trillion of real money in the world, which would lead to a Bitcoin price near USD 5 million in the event of fiat being extinguished. The 1.8 quadrillion figure is from including government debts, real-estate, and derivatives in the total amount of money, which isn’t accurate.

If hyperbitcoinization does occur then fiat would lose most of its value, so perhaps Bitcoin would hit USD 100 million or even orders of magnitude more than that. If fixed relative to 2018 valuations and ignoring all future fiat inflation, then Bitcoin is unlikely to get much higher than USD 5 million, since at that point Bitcoin’s market cap would include all of the real money in the world.


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How Much Would Bitcoin’s Price Be If It Extinguished Fiat Currency?

An interesting thought experiment can be conducted in regards to what Bitcoin’s price would be if all fiat currency ceased to exist, and if all of that money were put into Bitcoin. This can be defined as Bitcoin’s extinguishing capacity.

There are varying answers depending on what is defined as money, and money supply estimates for this article are taken from The Money Project which was last updated in 2017. Currently, there are BTC 17.128 million in circulation, and at a price of USD 6,600 each, that yields a total Bitcoin market cap of USD 113 billion.

The Bitcoin market cap pales in comparison to any measure of global money supply but theoretically, Bitcoin or some other cryptocurrency could become the dominant form of currency in the future and maybe in a radical scenario, fiat could simultaneously become obsolete. This extreme scenario is what this article explores.

For starters, all the fiat coins and banknotes in the world amount to USD 7.6 trillion. If all of these coins and banknotes were wiped out and an equivalent amount of money was invested into Bitcoin, Bitcoin’s price would be USD 443,700. John McAfee says Bitcoin will hit USD 1 million by 2020, which would entail more than double the amount of money being invested in Bitcoin than the total supply of fiat cash in the world.

However, the total amount of fiat currency in existence is nowhere near the amount of total money in the world. Combining the money held in all of the world’s checking accounts with the total amount of fiat yields USD 36.8 trillion, and this is considered “narrow money” since it is easily accessible. If global narrow money were converted to Bitcoin, then Bitcoin’s price would be USD 2.148 million.

There is much more money in the world that isn’t easily accessible and considered “broad money”, including savings accounts, money market accounts, time deposits, and all the narrow money, totaling USD 90.4 trillion. This is probably the best measure of all the “real” money in the world, and if all broad money were put into Bitcoin then Bitcoin’s price would be USD 5.28 million.

Broad money is considered physical money, yet only comprises 8% of all the money on the books in the world. 92% of money on the books is non-physical. USD 217 trillion of non-physical money is tied up in all of the world’s real-estate, and it is quite interesting that there is nowhere near enough physical money in the world to buy all of the world’s real-estate. This suggests that the real-estate market is hyperinflated and not based on reality.

It gets worse; the governments of the world hold USD 215 trillion of debt, which is more than double all the physical money in the world. This is an excellent way to visualize how unsustainable the global economy is, and this stems from uncontrolled money printing. Bitcoin solves the out-of-control money printing problem, since it cannot be printed at will and only 21 million Bitcoins will ever be created. This fact is what could cause Bitcoin to become the primary global currency since unlimited money printing could destroy fiat currency.

If that wasn’t bad enough, the global derivatives market is somewhere between USD 544 trillion and USD 1,200 trillion, outweighing physical money by an order of magnitude. A derivative is a contract between two parties that derives value from the performance of an underlying asset. Derivatives trading played a primary role in the 2008 global financial crisis, which was on par with the Great Depression. Derivatives can be considered another example of out-of-control money printing, while simultaneously being a deceptive yet legal way for investment bankers to take physical money out of the markets.

To sum up, if all the world’s fiat is put into Bitcoin, the price per coin would be near USD 500,000, and if all the physical money was put into Bitcoin the price per coin would be near USD 5 million. While it seems like a radical possibility, a global economy tiring of a flawed system relying on a tremendous amount of money printing – itself a possible death knell for fiat – could lead to Bitcoin becoming the primary global currency.


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